Karakayalar Group is a company established in Ankara in 1996 to provide trust and quality service in the construction and food sector. Karakayalar Group has adopted the vision of human-oriented work by following technology and current developments. Karakayalar Group offers quality products and services in construction and food with its professional and experienced staff. Since its establishment, Karakayalar Group has successfully completed many projects in Turkey and abroad with its professional staff, acting with the vision of quality, trust and service. Karakayalar Group has come to the fore with its approach that prioritizes people and does not compromise on quality. Karakayalar Group, which continues its activities in the food sector as well as in the construction sector, continues its production, import and export activities of hazelnut production and processing. In this context, it has incorporated the Integrated Hazelnut Processing Facility established in Giresun OIZ and continues its permanent growth with additional investments.
Aside from its flavor, we cannot end by counting the benefits of hazelnuts. Contained in; It contains vitamin E, omega 3, calcium, iron, magnesium, zinc and potassium and beneficial fats.
Karakayalar Group is a company established in Ankara in 1996 to provide trust and quality service in the construction and food sector. Karakayalar Group has adopted the vision of human-oriented work by following the technology and current developments. Karakayalar Group offers quality products and services in construction and food with its professional and experienced staff.
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Since its establishment, Karakayalar Group has successfully completed many projects in Turkey and abroad with its financial power and professional staff, acting with the vision of quality, trust and service. Karakayalar Group has come to the fore with its approach that prioritizes people and does not compromise on quality. Karakayalar Group, which continues its activities in the food sector as well as in the construction sector, continues its production, import and export activities of hazelnut production and processing. In this context, it has incorporated the Integrated Hazelnut Processing Facility established in Giresun OIZ and continues its permanent growth with additional investments.
Live healthy, live long, don't miss Balnut from your palm
Consumption of raw hazelnuts is strongly recommended by experts in terms of both keeping you full and health benefits. Unroasted hazelnuts contain twice as many antioxidants than roasted hazelnuts. 10 benefits that come with raw hazelnuts,
1. Strengthens Immune System Hazelnut oil is a rich source of vitamin E. Known for strengthening the immune system, vitamin E reduces the risk of anemia by preventing the breakdown of red blood cells. Proper blood circulation strengthens the immune system by reducing the risk of fever, cold and other diseases.
2. It gives a feeling of satiety. The fiber, protein and high fat it contains, gives a feeling of satiety. Dietitians especially recommend a portion (6-7 pieces) of hazelnuts for snacks before preparing their lists. It protects the body against high calorie intake while preventing overeating. However, it should be noted that excessive hazelnut consumption leads to weight gain by having the opposite effect.
3. Strengthens the Nerves Hazelnuts are also rich in vitamin B6. Vitamin B6; It is an essential vitamin for the creation of myelin, the sheath of the nerve, that increases the speed and efficiency of electrical signals and ensures proper functioning of the nervous system. In addition, in order for our nervous system to function in a healthy way, the secretion of hormones such as serotonin, melatonin and epinephrine takes place with the support of vitamin B6.
4. Protects Brain Health There are phytochemical substances such as proanthocyanidins, quercetin and kaempferol in hazelnuts. These proanthocyanidins belong to a group called 'flavonoids'. Flavonoids support brain health. In addition, because it is rich in tryptophan and isoleucine amino acids, it makes the person feel better mentally and psychologically.
5. Reduces the Risk of Diabetes Glucose intolerance has been improved when diabetic patients add hazelnuts to their daily diets. Hazelnut is a fibrous food. Fiber not only digestion, but also balances blood sugar, eliminating the risk of diabetes.
6. Reduces Cholesterol There are oils beneficial for heart health in hazelnuts. For example, while helping to reduce the bad cholesterol (LDL) level thanks to Oleic acid, it helps to increase the level of good cholesterol (HDL) in the body. Regular consumption of hazelnuts reduces cholesterol by 27 percent. Scientific studies show that people who regularly consume hazelnuts significantly reduce the risk of death from a heart attack.
7. Protects Against Cancer Hazelnut is a powerful antioxidant. It does not only regenerate cells in the body, but also reduces the risk of cancer by reducing damaged DNA and tumor cells. Beta-sitosterol, a compound found in hazelnuts, also reduces the risk of breast and prostate cancer.
8. Prevents Constipation Hazelnuts are a good source of fiber. Fiber sources are needed for digestion to work better. Thanks to the fiber sources, grinding occurs more easily in the stomach. As the digestive system works better, it is possible to get rid of problems such as diarrhea and constipation. Proper functioning of the digestive system reduces risks such as cancer.
9. Strengthens Muscles Hazelnut is a source of magnesium. Magnesium plays a very important role in regulating the amount of calcium entering and leaving the body. The right amount of calcium creates muscle contractions and allows the muscles to rest when they are not needed. This way, magnesium reduces muscle tension and combats muscle fatigue, spasm, cramping and pain. High magnesium levels also help increase muscle strength. Magnesium is also good for heart muscles. It prevents the deterioration of heart rhythm. 100 grams of hazelnuts contain 229 mg of magnesium.
10. Prevents Aging The antioxidants found in hazelnuts help your skin look healthier by fighting free radicals that may damage your skin. It protects the skin from skin cancer caused by UVA / UVB rays. Together with antioxidants, flavonoids stimulate the regeneration of skin cells. With the support of vitamin E, it eliminates dead cells and provides a healthier and younger looking skin.
The common name of the shrub and tree species that form the Corylus genus from the hazelnut, birch (Betulaceae) family. Plants that grow in temperate regions of the northern hemisphere, shruby or low, single domed, male and female flowers on separate trees, in separate places.
The male flowers of hazelnuts are caterpillars. Hazelnut (Coryllus avellana); Alm. Haselnuss (f), Fr. Noisetier (f), Eng. Hazel-tree. Family: Birches (Betulaceae) Where it grows in Turkey: Eastern Black Sea region (Ordu, Trabzon, Giresun); Zonguldak, Bolu. It likes moist and humus soil where winters are mild. It requires 1000-2000 cubic meters (m3) of rainfall per year. Plants that grow in temperate regions of the northern hemisphere, shruby or low, single domed, male and female flowers on separate trees, in separate places. The male flowers of hazelnuts are caterpillars. Female flowers are small in separate tree and buds. Generally, flowers open before the leaves. The leaves are round, oval or heart-shaped, hairy, and the leaf edges are toothed. Harvesting of the mature hazelnuts from the sepals of the female flowers is in July and August. The hazel tree grows up to 15-20 m, as well as in the form of a bush, depending on the species.
Most of the cultivars are 3-4 m tall. However, it is grown as a single-stem tree in some countries. Hazelnut tree roots do not go too deep. There is no taproot. They shed their leaves in the winter. Most of the hazelnut varieties are self-sterile. In other words, better efficiency is obtained with foreign fertilization. Hazelnuts rest for a year and bear fruit for a year. This is called periodicity. Although there are about 15 types of hazelnut, the species that are important in terms of fruit growing and cultivated economically are C. avellana (Ordinary hazelnut) -C. Colurna (Turkish hazelnut) and C. maxima (Lambert hazelnut). Although wild hazelnut species are seen in the temperate climate zone of the Northern Hemisphere from Japan to North America, the homeland of cultivated hazelnuts is the eastern part of the Black Sea coast. It was taken from here during the time of the Romans and started to be grown in other Mediterranean countries. Hazelnuts are named according to the size and shape of the fruits. The main types of culture grown in our country; chubby hazelnuts, pointed hazelnuts, almond hazelnuts, blood hazelnuts and pistachios. Shelled hazelnuts are 1.5-2.5 cm long and their internal yield is around 50%.
Hazelnut tree is a humid, mild climate plant. The main areas where hazelnuts are grown in our country are between 40-41 latitude and 37-40 longitude. Within these boundaries, the most favorable areas in terms of ecological conditions are the Black Sea coasts. On this coast, following the valleys of hazelnut agriculture, it expands up to 60 km from the coast towards the inland, and also reaches a height of 750 m from the shore. Hazelnut tree develops well in loamy humus soils rich in nutrients and yields abundant crops. It does not like dense heavy soils, dry and calcareous soils. It does not give better fruit in soils with high base water, its yield is less. In our hazelnut regions, 20-125 kg of hazelnuts can be taken per decare depending on the soil structure and the region. More yield is obtained in the valleys facing the south. Hazelnut tree is mostly produced with root shoots. Numerous rooted sprouts can be obtained in the leaves by peak dipping. Root shoots to be used as seedlings should be between 1-3 m. While removing these shoots, efforts should be made to remove them with plenty of roots. The dismantled ones should be planted in their places immediately, if this is not possible, they should be ditched. The furnace with high efficiency should always be preferred when removing the root slide.
Hazelnuts can be planted in the autumn, as well as in the spring in February and March. Autumn planting should be preferred. Hazelnut saplings are planted with 4x4 m, maximum 6x6 m intervals. Usage Areas The hazelnut kernel contains on average 4% water, 65.4% oil, 15.6% protein, 2.6% cellulose, 0.98% nitrogen-free extracts and 1.55% ash. It is an important nutrient in terms of proteins. Hazelnuts are also a good source of vitamins. It has the most vitamin B vitamins. There are 0.54 mg of B vitamins in 100 grams of hazelnut kernels, as well as a small amount of vitamins A and C. Its ash contains 0.29% Ca, 35% P and 0.0041% Fe. 1000 grams of hazelnut, which is a rich nutrient, provides 725 calories. Hazelnut fruit is consumed in large quantities as nuts, but it is also widely used in pastry, halvah, confectionery and especially in the chocolate industry. It is used as fuel from its shell.
Hazelnut oil is also used in pharmacy and fragrance. In terms of production of hazelnuts, Turkey takes the first place in the world. The yield per hectare alone is very low. Good care, fertilization and pest control, pruning etc. It is possible to double or even triple the yield, which is 400-500 kg per hectare. Other countries have achieved this. Thus, the amount of foreign currency to be obtained from hazelnuts, which will rank first among our export products, will also increase. Efforts to increase the production of hazelnuts, which are the only source of income of many regions, are gaining great importance day by day. The biggest hazelnuts in the world